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IELTS

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IELTS (30 minutes)
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IELTS (30 minutes)
Press "Next" to start.

Reading Passage 1
An egg a day might keep cardiovascular disease away

     Good news for all egg-eaters, researchers have recently published a study on the relation between egg consumption and a risk of cardiovascular disease. The study of over 400,000 chinese adults revealed that adults who eat an egg a day had an 18% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks, heart failure, arrhythmias, and heart valve problems than those who avoided eggs. In addition, they also had a 26% lower risk of death from hemorrhagic stroke as opposed to adults who keep away from eggs.

     But eggs have not always been favourable food. In fact, many doctors told patients to avoid consuming too many eggs. While whole eggs have lots of nutrients like protein, amino acids, lutein etc., they contain high amounts of cholesterol. Thus, it was thought that they might be unhealthy for people who have high cholesterol.

     Despite this widely believed understanding, there were only a limited number of studies on the connection between eggs and cardiovascular disease. Canqing Yu, a co-author of the study and an associate professor in the Peking University School of Public Health in Beijing, and his colleagues decided to pursue a thorough research by collecting data from almost half a million Chinese adults in ten regions of China for nearly nine years.

     Based on the results of the study, eating eggs in moderation, in other words, less than one egg a day, is associated with lower occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, compared with not eating eggs. In this way, the common belief that eggs lead to high cholesterol levels is debunked.    

 

Adapted from:

Scutti, Susan. “An Egg a Day Might Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease, Study Says.” CNN, 21 May 2018, edition.cnn.com/2018/05/21/health/eggs-heart-disease-study/index.html.

 

Questions 1-6

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

 

TRUE             if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE           if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this

Reading Passage 1
An egg a day might keep cardiovascular disease away

     Good news for all egg-eaters, researchers have recently published a study on the relation between egg consumption and a risk of cardiovascular disease. The study of over 400,000 chinese adults revealed that adults who eat an egg a day had an 18% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks, heart failure, arrhythmias, and heart valve problems than those who avoided eggs. In addition, they also had a 26% lower risk of death from hemorrhagic stroke as opposed to adults who keep away from eggs.

     But eggs have not always been favourable food. In fact, many doctors told patients to avoid consuming too many eggs. While whole eggs have lots of nutrients like protein, amino acids, lutein etc., they contain high amounts of cholesterol. Thus, it was thought that they might be unhealthy for people who have high cholesterol.

     Despite this widely believed understanding, there were only a limited number of studies on the connection between eggs and cardiovascular disease. Canqing Yu, a co-author of the study and an associate professor in the Peking University School of Public Health in Beijing, and his colleagues decided to pursue a thorough research by collecting data from almost half a million Chinese adults in ten regions of China for nearly nine years.

     Based on the results of the study, eating eggs in moderation, in other words, less than one egg a day, is associated with lower occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, compared with not eating eggs. In this way, the common belief that eggs lead to high cholesterol levels is debunked.    

 

Adapted from:

Scutti, Susan. “An Egg a Day Might Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease, Study Says.” CNN, 21 May 2018, edition.cnn.com/2018/05/21/health/eggs-heart-disease-study/index.html.

 

Questions 1-6

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

 

TRUE             if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE           if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
1. Children who eat an egg a day will grow up to be adults who have healthy hearts.
True
False
NOT GIVEN
2. The more we eat eggs, the stronger our heart will be.
True
False
NOT GIVEN
3. If we want to be healthy, we should only have eggs as breakfasts.
True
False
NOT GIVEN
4. Canquing Yu’s research confirmed the common perception about the relation between high cholesterol level and eggs consumption.
True
False
NOT GIVEN
5. Unlike egg-eaters, people who do not eat eggs have a stronger tendency to develop heart diseases.
True
False
NOT GIVEN
6. Prior to Yu’s study, there were already numerous comprehensive studies on the Western population in regard to the relation between eating eggs and heart diseases.
True
False
NOT GIVEN

Reading Passage 2
Slum Tourism

 

A    In the recent years, there is a surge in a particular tourism trend, slum tourism or ghetto tourism. Unlike other kinds of tourism where tourists visit beautiful landmarks and enjoy breathtaking views, slum tourism will take you to the impoverished parts of the cities to see “real life” of people in poor neighbourhoods. Bored of tourist traps and generic travel destinations, hundreds of thousands of visitors seeking an alternative travel experience take a trip to slums in India, Brazil, Kenya, Indonesia, and Cambodia each year in search of what they deem an exotic trip.    

 

B    Slum tourism is not entirely a new thing. In fact, it has been around for over one hundred years. The word “slumming” was added to The Oxford English Dictionary in 1884. In this day, to slum means to spend time at a lower social level than one's own through curiosity or for charitable purposes. In the Victorian era, the upper class in London visited the grimy neighbourhoods such as the East End, Whitechapel, or Shoreditch. Over the following decades, this trend spread to the U.S. cities like New York and Chicago. The wealthy people in New York City went to visit poor neighbourhoods of immigrants in the Lower East Side including the Bowery and the Five Points to see how the underprivileged people live. The popularity of slumming decreased in the mid-1900s but came back to the spotlight in 1990s at the end of apartheid in South Africa and after the release of Nelson Mandela. This kind of tour attracted people who wanted to learn about the oppressed black South Africans.

 

C    As for the recent rise of slum tourism, there are many reasons that drive people toward this type of tourism. One of the reasons is the release of the Academy Award winning movie, Slumdog Millionaire in 2008 in which the protagonist was an Indian Muslim living in Dharavi slum in Mumbai. It brought India’s poverty to world’s attention and thus increased the demand for slum tourism in India. Apart from the trend from the successful movie, the need of tourists also contributes to the popularity of slum tourism. Nowadays, people are looking for adventures and unique experience. They do not want to visit only the well-known places where lots of people have already been there, they want something different. Slums and poverty are definitely not what they encounter in their everyday life.

 

D    However, there are many criticisms about slum tourism. One is that it exploits poor people by turning their neighbourhoods into a sort of human zoos. Tourists might want to take a photo or try to give money to those who live in slums. By doing so, they take away the dignity of these people. This kind of sightseeing turns poverty into a fantasy for wealthy foreigners to see and then get away from it. Some people, especially those who live in underprivileged communities in the developing world, consider slum tourism to be very disrespectful. Even those who live in Dharavi slum which was featured in “Slumdog Millionaire” who complained about how their city is portrayed to the world. On the other hand, some argue that slum tourism could be beneficial for both the slum dwellers and the visitors. The increasing number of tourists is good for the local business as it brings more people to the neighbourhood. In addition, people can learn the harsh reality about inequality by visiting these areas and it might inspire them to take action to counter this problem. In this way, slum tourism could be an interesting platform to raise awareness about the dire condition of life of the population in the developing countries.  

 

Questions 7-9

Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

Reading Passage 2
Slum Tourism

 

A    In the recent years, there is a surge in a particular tourism trend, slum tourism or ghetto tourism. Unlike other kinds of tourism where tourists visit beautiful landmarks and enjoy breathtaking views, slum tourism will take you to the impoverished parts of the cities to see “real life” of people in poor neighbourhoods. Bored of tourist traps and generic travel destinations, hundreds of thousands of visitors seeking an alternative travel experience take a trip to slums in India, Brazil, Kenya, Indonesia, and Cambodia each year in search of what they deem an exotic trip.    

 

B    Slum tourism is not entirely a new thing. In fact, it has been around for over one hundred years. The word “slumming” was added to The Oxford English Dictionary in 1884. In this day, to slum means to spend time at a lower social level than one's own through curiosity or for charitable purposes. In the Victorian era, the upper class in London visited the grimy neighbourhoods such as the East End, Whitechapel, or Shoreditch. Over the following decades, this trend spread to the U.S. cities like New York and Chicago. The wealthy people in New York City went to visit poor neighbourhoods of immigrants in the Lower East Side including the Bowery and the Five Points to see how the underprivileged people live. The popularity of slumming decreased in the mid-1900s but came back to the spotlight in 1990s at the end of apartheid in South Africa and after the release of Nelson Mandela. This kind of tour attracted people who wanted to learn about the oppressed black South Africans.

 

C    As for the recent rise of slum tourism, there are many reasons that drive people toward this type of tourism. One of the reasons is the release of the Academy Award winning movie, Slumdog Millionaire in 2008 in which the protagonist was an Indian Muslim living in Dharavi slum in Mumbai. It brought India’s poverty to world’s attention and thus increased the demand for slum tourism in India. Apart from the trend from the successful movie, the need of tourists also contributes to the popularity of slum tourism. Nowadays, people are looking for adventures and unique experience. They do not want to visit only the well-known places where lots of people have already been there, they want something different. Slums and poverty are definitely not what they encounter in their everyday life.

 

D    However, there are many criticisms about slum tourism. One is that it exploits poor people by turning their neighbourhoods into a sort of human zoos. Tourists might want to take a photo or try to give money to those who live in slums. By doing so, they take away the dignity of these people. This kind of sightseeing turns poverty into a fantasy for wealthy foreigners to see and then get away from it. Some people, especially those who live in underprivileged communities in the developing world, consider slum tourism to be very disrespectful. Even those who live in Dharavi slum which was featured in “Slumdog Millionaire” who complained about how their city is portrayed to the world. On the other hand, some argue that slum tourism could be beneficial for both the slum dwellers and the visitors. The increasing number of tourists is good for the local business as it brings more people to the neighbourhood. In addition, people can learn the harsh reality about inequality by visiting these areas and it might inspire them to take action to counter this problem. In this way, slum tourism could be an interesting platform to raise awareness about the dire condition of life of the population in the developing countries.  

 

Questions 7-9

Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

7. Why did the upper class in the U.S. visit slums?
A. They wanted to befriend the migrant workers.
B. They were curious about the life of the impoverished people.
C. They were charitable Christians who wanted to help others.
D. They wanted to learn about the struggle of the South Africans.
8. The word “it” (paragraph C) refers to…
A. Dharavi slum
B. The Academy Award
C. The rise of slum tourism
D. The film “Slumdog Millionaire”
9. The word “surge” (paragraph A) is closest in meaning to…
A. fame
B. disaster
C. increase
D. excitement

Questions 10-12

Reading Passage has 4 paragraphs A-D

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Questions 10-12

Reading Passage has 4 paragraphs A-D

Which paragraph contains the following information?

10. The impact of the success of “Slumdog Millionaire”
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
11. The difference between slum tourism and usual tourism
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
12. Some residents were not pleased with the way their neighbourhood was depicted to the world.
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

Questions 13-15

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-E, below.

 

A observe how the impoverished people live.

B bring attention to the issue of poverty.

C grow and become a lucrative business in the future.

D offer money to the residents and children in the slum areas.

E refrain from taking photo of people and their houses.

Questions 13-15

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-E, below.

 

A observe how the impoverished people live.

B bring attention to the issue of poverty.

C grow and become a lucrative business in the future.

D offer money to the residents and children in the slum areas.

E refrain from taking photo of people and their houses.

13. In order to be respectful toward the local, slum visitors should...
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
E. E
14. The positive side of slum tourism is that it may...
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
E. E
15. In the past, rich people went to slums in order to...
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
E. E

Vocabulary

 

Questions 16-20

Which words CANNOT replace the underlined words without changing the meaning of the sentence?

Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

Vocabulary

 

Questions 16-20

Which words CANNOT replace the underlined words without changing the meaning of the sentence?

Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

  1. Technology has important impacts on education for both teachers and students.
A. Significant
B. Critical
C. Considerable
D. Disputable
  1. Teachers have to be fair when they grade their students’ assignments.
A. Objective
B. Unbiased
C. Indolent
D. Impartial
  1. The pie chart demonstrated the different kinds of products exported to Europe.
A. Criticised
B. Illustrated
C. Indicated
D. Presented
  1. The government has tried to resolve the issue of poverty for two years.
A. Deal with
B. Condone
C. Fix
D. Work out
  1. Smoking can lead to lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory diseases.
A. Terminate
B. Cause
C. Induce
D. Bring about

Writing

Questions 21-25

Which sentence best describes the figure below.
Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

Writing

Questions 21-25

Which sentence best describes the figure below.
Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

21.
A. There was a rapid growth in the stock value of the company.
B. There was a growth in the the stock value of the company.
C. There was a decline of the stock value of the company.
D. There was a rapid fluctuation of the stock value of the company.
22.
A. The price of the energy bulbs decreased gradually.
B. The price of the energy bulbs hit a plateau.
C. There was a dramatic fluctuation of the price of the energy bulbs.
D. The price of the energy bulbs remained stable.
23.
A. There was a fluctuation of the sales.
B. The sales dramatically went down.
C. There was a rapid growth in the sales.
D. There was a significant increase in the sales.
24.
A. There was a steep decline of the numbers of the students.
B. There was a rapid growth in the numbers of the students.
C. There was a gradual increase of the numbers of the students.
D. There was a rapid change in the numbers of the students.
25.
A. There was a sudden increase in the oil price.
B. The oil price fluctuated widely.
C. There was a plateau of the oil price.
D. The oil price plummeted.
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