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***What in the World?" Weekly Quiz -- Jun 24-30, 2019***

Iranian air defense forces shot down a U.S. Global Hawk unmanned reconnaissance aircraft on Thursday sparking the most serious level of confrontation between Tehran and Washington in the recent round of tensions. The shootdown occurred in THIS location.

 
Southern Persian Gulf
Strait of Hormuz
Over eastern Hormozgan Province of Iran
Bab el Mandeb Strait

President Trump said he ordered the military to abort an attack on Iran on Friday for THIS reason:

 

The target list did not include nuclear development sites.
Casualty estimates were out of proportion to the loss of an unmanned aircraft.
Russia warned against striking Iran.
The Pentagon could not guarantee the safety of all U.S. airmen involved in the strike.

President Trump commented on the confrontation with Iran said, "We're not going to have Iran have a nuclear weapon... when they agree to that, they're going to have a wealthy country.” Concerning the goal of a rapprochement he said:

 

"Let's make Iran great again.”
“I want to see more trade and investment with Tehran.”
“Let’s start doing some deals with the Iranian people.”
“Iran has hundreds of miles of coastline suitable for fantastic real estate investment.”

The White House pulled the plug on military strikes against Iranian targets on Friday in response to the shootdown of an unmanned American reconnaissance aircraft but was said to have carried out cyberattacks against THESE targets.

 
Iranian Revolutionary Guard rocket and missile control systems
Iranian electrical grid in the city of Bandar Abbas near the Strait of Hormuz
Iranian nuclear facilities in Arak and Parchin
Iranian Revolutionary Guard Navy communications network

President Trump’s statement, “They're not going to have a nuclear weapon and when they agree to that they are going to have a wealthy country,” undercut the hard-line positions of National Security Advisor John Bolton and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo who demanded more far-reaching, and potentially regime-changing, conditions summarized by THIS. 

 

Secretary Pompeo’s “12 conditions” speech last year.
Advisor Bolton’s warning that Iran not mistake US “prudence and discretion for weakness.”
Secretary Pompeo’s joint communique with Saudi and UAE foreign ministers in Riyadh on Saturday.
The UN Security Council Resolution condemning Iranian attacks on international shipping.

Following days of demonstrations that brought upwards of two million protestors to the streets of Hong Kong, the government announced it would suspend controversial legislation that would have allowed extraditions to the People’s Republic of China. Despite suspension of the legislation, protests continue and now demand the resignation of THIS Hong Kong Chief Executive.

Carrie Lam
Xi Jinping
Tsai Ing-wen
Joshua Wong

This weekend, the Trump administration released the economic portion of its “Peace to Prosperity” plan, which will be unveiled at a conference next week and lay out steps for resolving THIS conflict.

Yemeni Civil War
Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Syrian Civil War
ISIS insurgency in Iraq

As Mexico puts into effect a deal on undocumented immigration reached with the United States, the Mexican government has announced THIS action to help control the flow of migrants headed towards the US. In doing so, the Mexican government hopes to head off stiff tariffs that the Trump administration has threatened to put on imports, but Mexico appears to be struggling to implement this action.

 

Deployment of 6,000 National Guard agents to its southern border
Expansion of welfare measures for asylum-seekers
Creation of a new law enforcement agency to monitor each of its borders
Convening of a regional task force aimed at shrinking migration flows

Protest leaders in Sudan have accepted a proposal put forward by THIS mediating power to resolve the political crisis that has consumed the country in the months since President Omar al-Bashir was removed from power in April. The proposal, which would create a civilian-majority governing body, has not yet been accepted by the ruling Transitional Military Council (TMC).

 

South Africa
Egypt
Ethiopia
Canada

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un welcomed THIS head of state to Pyongyang last week, pulling out all the stops for THIS leader’s first visit to North Korea. Though little was released in terms of outcomes from the visit, many anticipate that its agenda may be relevant to the G-20 meetings beginning in Osaka on Friday.

Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea
Lee Nak-yeon, Prime Minister of South Korea
Xi Jinping, President of China
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