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TOEFL PREP ENGLISH PLACEMENT EXAM

IMPORTANT: 
  • Please check your answers carefully as you will not have an opportunity to go back in the exam once you've advanced to the next page.
  • All sections of this exam must be completed to be considered for entrance into the TOEFL course.  
IMPORTANT: 
  • Please check your answers carefully as you will not have an opportunity to go back in the exam once you've advanced to the next page.
  • All sections of this exam must be completed to be considered for entrance into the TOEFL course.  
GRAMMAR PART 1 

In this section, choose the best answer to complete the sentence or answer the question. 

GRAMMAR PART 1 

In this section, choose the best answer to complete the sentence or answer the question. 

1. He's married __________________________ Claudia.
with
of
by
to
2. He has never __________________________ help for his addiction.
seeked
seeking
sought
asked
3. If I __________________________ the time, I would go to the concert.
have
had
will have
would have
4. What did you find out about the hotel?
On the internet.
I couldn't find it.
I found money in my room.
It's a little expensive.
5. Did you have a chance to review the material?
Yes, I did.
Cotton.
Yes, I will.
No, I wasn't.
6. When did he start working with you?
He works with me since 2 years.
He worked with me for 2 years.
He's been working with me for 2 years.
He was working with me for 2 years.
GRAMMAR PART 2

In this section, each sentence has three underlined parts, one of which is incorrect. Choose the section of the sentence which contains the error.

GRAMMAR PART 2

In this section, each sentence has three underlined parts, one of which is incorrect. Choose the section of the sentence which contains the error.

7. I'm having difficulty remembering what is his address. 
I'm having
difficulty
what is his address
8. You should have went to the party last night. 
should
went
last night
9. Are you read the reports right now?
Are
read
right now
10. I not going to the meeting this afternoon.
I
not
this
READING
 
If your view of the world comes from watching the news and reading newspapers, you could be forgiven for lying awake at night worrying about the future. Apparently, rising violence and population rates mean humans are both killing each other in ever larger numbers and being born at rates the world's resources can't sustain. To make matters worse, all the wealth is concentrated on a handful of people in the world's richest countries. People in low-income countries live in poverty while the West gets richer. Depressing, isn't it?

But do the statistics support our negative world view or is the world actually improving?

Let's take global population first. It's around 7 billion now, in line with figures predicted by the United Nations in 1958. By the year 2100, the same experts predict it will be around 11 billion. But did you know that 11 billion is probably as high as that number will get? The rate of increase will slow down in the second half of this century thanks to falling birth rates today.   

Falling birth rates? Yes, that's right.

In the last two centuries, improvements in technology and health meant fewer children died young, fueling rapid population growth. These large families produced even more children who survived into adulthood and had their own children. But with the wider availability of contraception in the 1960s, the global average number of babies per woman has declined from six babies per woman to as low as two.

The biggest factor in child mortality is poverty. And while it's still true that only 20 per cent of the world takes about 74 per cent of the world's income, 60 per cent of the world now falls into a middle-income group, with 11.6 per cent – the smallest amount of people in history – still living in conditions of extreme poverty. If the majority of the world's people have money, international aid could realistically achieve the UN target of eradicating poverty by 2030. As poverty goes down, life expectancy goes up, birth rates go down because parents can expect their existing children to survive, and the global population stabilizes.

As for news stories that make us think the world is an increasingly violent place, there is cause for some optimism too. Between the end of World War II and 1990, there were 30 wars that killed more than 100,000 people. Today there are still civil wars, but countries are mostly co-existing more peacefully than in the past. Terrorism has shot up in the last few years and, since World War II, wars have killed many more civilians than soldiers. Even for civilians, though, the statistics are not all bad. Although deaths are nine times more likely to be a result of violent crime than political conflict, the global murder rate fell slightly, from 8 per 100,000 people in 2000 to about 5.3 in 2015.

Of course, none of this means the world is perfect, and whether you personally are affected by war and poverty is often down to the lottery of where you're born. Also, we still face huge problems of our own making, particularly environmental ones like global warming, and wealth and natural resources need to be distributed more fairly. But not all the news is bad news, whatever the TV and newspapers might say.

READING
 
If your view of the world comes from watching the news and reading newspapers, you could be forgiven for lying awake at night worrying about the future. Apparently, rising violence and population rates mean humans are both killing each other in ever larger numbers and being born at rates the world's resources can't sustain. To make matters worse, all the wealth is concentrated on a handful of people in the world's richest countries. People in low-income countries live in poverty while the West gets richer. Depressing, isn't it?

But do the statistics support our negative world view or is the world actually improving?

Let's take global population first. It's around 7 billion now, in line with figures predicted by the United Nations in 1958. By the year 2100, the same experts predict it will be around 11 billion. But did you know that 11 billion is probably as high as that number will get? The rate of increase will slow down in the second half of this century thanks to falling birth rates today.   

Falling birth rates? Yes, that's right.

In the last two centuries, improvements in technology and health meant fewer children died young, fueling rapid population growth. These large families produced even more children who survived into adulthood and had their own children. But with the wider availability of contraception in the 1960s, the global average number of babies per woman has declined from six babies per woman to as low as two.

The biggest factor in child mortality is poverty. And while it's still true that only 20 per cent of the world takes about 74 per cent of the world's income, 60 per cent of the world now falls into a middle-income group, with 11.6 per cent – the smallest amount of people in history – still living in conditions of extreme poverty. If the majority of the world's people have money, international aid could realistically achieve the UN target of eradicating poverty by 2030. As poverty goes down, life expectancy goes up, birth rates go down because parents can expect their existing children to survive, and the global population stabilizes.

As for news stories that make us think the world is an increasingly violent place, there is cause for some optimism too. Between the end of World War II and 1990, there were 30 wars that killed more than 100,000 people. Today there are still civil wars, but countries are mostly co-existing more peacefully than in the past. Terrorism has shot up in the last few years and, since World War II, wars have killed many more civilians than soldiers. Even for civilians, though, the statistics are not all bad. Although deaths are nine times more likely to be a result of violent crime than political conflict, the global murder rate fell slightly, from 8 per 100,000 people in 2000 to about 5.3 in 2015.

Of course, none of this means the world is perfect, and whether you personally are affected by war and poverty is often down to the lottery of where you're born. Also, we still face huge problems of our own making, particularly environmental ones like global warming, and wealth and natural resources need to be distributed more fairly. But not all the news is bad news, whatever the TV and newspapers might say.

1. The best title for this article is __________________________:
“Birth Rates”
“The State of the World”
“Violence in the News”
2. What does the author infer about the rise of violence in the first paragraph?
The rise is obviously true.
The rise seems true but evidence might show it isn't.
The rise seems false but evidence might show it's true.
3. The main idea of the third paragraph is __________________________:
Improvements in technology and health have helped population growth.
Contraception in the 1960’s
Falling birth rates have impacted crime.
4. Which statement about population levels is correct?
About two hundred years ago, the child mortality rate dropped significantly.
The rate is growing steadily now.
The rate will start to drop in the year 2100.
5. Which factor does NOT cause the birth rate to fall?
Improvements in healthcare
The availability of contraception
Poverty
6. There is reason to be optimistic because __________________________:
you might win the lottery
there are some positives despite what the newspapers report
we're making progress with environmental problems
7. Which is the best definition for “fueling?"
to make something increase or become stronger
to prepare for action
to keep things or objects the same
8. What is the size of the richest group of people?
60%
74%
20%
WRITING 
 

DESCRIPTION AND WRITING TASK

You are organizing a weekend get away with a group of friends. You receive an email from Stephanie. Read the extract from Stephanie’s email, answer her questions and give your reasoning. Write 100-150 words in your email reply.

You said you have places left for next weekend, and I was wondering - can my brother come too? I think you met him last year when you came to visit. The thing is, he has a three-year-old son, Randall, and my brother wants to bring him as well.  Do you think it’s possible? -Stephanie"

LISTENING PART 1
 
In PART 1, you will hear a conversation. To assess your listening skills with the most accuracy, only listen to the audio one time and answer the questions.
 
LISTENING PART 1
 
In PART 1, you will hear a conversation. To assess your listening skills with the most accuracy, only listen to the audio one time and answer the questions.
 
1. The people are __________________________ right now.
at the airport
in a hotel
at a park
2. Sara is the man's __________________________.
spouse
mother
sister
3. The man has __________________________ dollars on him.
five
fifteen
ten
4. He lost __________________________ at the casino last time.
$1,700
$1,500
$1,200
5. The man and the woman are probably going to __________________________ at the end of the conversation.
shop for new clothing
go sightseeing intown
buy food for their friends
6. What can we guess about the man in the dialogue?
He is a very sociable person.
He doesn't have a good relationship with his wife.
He sometimes lies to hide his habit.
7. What can be inferred about the man's wife?
She enjoys going to casinos with her husband.
She doesn't travel with his often.
She would be angry if she knew her husband was gambling.
LISTENING PART 2
 
 
In PART 2, you will hear an audio. To assess your listening skills with the most accuracy, only listen to the audio one time and answer the questions. 
 
LISTENING PART 2
 
 
In PART 2, you will hear an audio. To assess your listening skills with the most accuracy, only listen to the audio one time and answer the questions. 
 
8. The presentation seems to be __________________________.
an informal discussion between friends
a TV debate
an academic speech at a school
9. How does the man describe the winter season?
Winter temperatures hover below freezing.
January receives about 30 inches of snow.
Some winter activities are sledding and skiing.
10. In spring, people enjoy __________________________.
fishing in the park
hiking in the mountains
flying kites
11. What is the summer season like in this area?
hot and dry
warm and humid
mild and breezy
12. People often __________________________ in the fall.
have a fall picnic
go and see the fall colors
clean their houses
13. What can inferred about the speaker's home city?
Not many tourists visit the city during the winter.
The weather in summer is very uncomfortable.
The city is in a region containing mountains and lakes.
Few people visit the city in the spring.
14. People in the city drive the mountains in the autumn __________________________.
to camp
to view the trees
to escape the heat
few people go to the mountains in the autumn
SPEAKING PART 1 
 
Record your answer to the following question on your phone or computer and upload it. Your response should be 60-90 seconds
 
"Who are the people (family, friends, celebrities, historic, fictional) who have inspired you the most in your life? And why?"
SPEAKING PART 2 
 
Record your answer to the following question on your phone or computer and upload it. Your response should be 2 minutes in length. 
 
"There are a growing number of families who choose to educate their children at home (home schooling), versus sending them to traditional public or private schools. What do you think about this trend? Which type of schooling do you think is best and why?"
Please enter your full name.
Please provide your email.
Please provide your phone/Whatsapp number.
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